Analysis of the Budget Impact of Fractional Exhaled Nitric Oxide Monitoring in the Management of Childhood Asthma: The Colombian National Health System Perspective
Methods: A budget impact analysis was performed to evaluate the potential cost of FeNO monitoring. The analysis was based on a 5-year time horizon and performed from the perspective of the Colombian National Health System. The incremental budget impact was calculated by subtracting the cost of the new treatment, in which FeNO is reimbursed, from the cost of conventional treatment without FeNO (management based on clinical symptoms [with or without spirometry/peak flow] or asthma guidelines [or both] for asthma-related cases). Univariate 1-way sensitivity analyses were performed.
Results: In the base case analysis the 5-year costs associated with FeNO and non-FeNO were estimated to be €469 904 130 and €480 485 149, respectively, indicating savings for the Colombian National Health System of €10 581 019 if FeNO is adopted for the routine management of patients with persistent asthma. This result proved to be robust in the univariate 1-way sensitivity analysis.
Conclusion: FeNO monitoring generated cost savings in emergency settings for infants with persistent asthma. This evidence can be used by decision makers in Colombia to improve clinical practice guidelines and should be replicated to validate the results in other middle-income countries.
Keywords: Colombia; Fractional exhaled nitric oxide; Persistent asthma.