Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: Incidence and severity in premature infants born at high altitude
Results: The BPD incidence was 23.5% 95% (confidence interval [CI], 19.6-27.7). BPD was grade 1 in 69.9%, grade 2 in 15.5% and grade 3 in 14.5% of patients. After modeling regression analysis, the final variables associated with BPD severity levels were: sepsis (odds ratio [OR], 4.15; 95% CI, 1.33-12.96) and pulmonary hypertension (OR: 3.86; 95% CI, 1.30-11.4).
Conclusion: The incidence of BPD was higher and similar to cities with higher altitudes. In our population, the variables associated with BPD severity levels were: sepsis and pulmonary hypertension. It is necessary to increase the awareness of risk factors, the effect of clinical practices, and early recognition of BPD to reduce morbidity in patients with this pathology.
Keywords: Colombia; bronchopulmonary dysplasia; hypertension; incidence; oxygen; severity.