Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitor for Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: A Cost-Utility Analysis
Methods: A Markov model was developed to compare expected costs, outcomes, and quality-adjusted life-years of sildenafil and tadalafil in pediatric patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension. The model was analyzed probabilistically, and a value of information analysis was conducted to inform the value of conducting further research to reduce current uncertainties in the evidence base. Cost-effectiveness was evaluated at a willingness-to-pay value of US $5180.
Results: The mean incremental cost of tadalafil versus sildenafil is US $15 270. The 95% credible interval for the incremental cost ranges from US $28 033.65 to US $5940.86. The mean incremental benefit of tadalafil versus sildenafil is 1.00 quality-adjusted life-years (QALY). The 95% credible interval for the incremental benefit ranges from 1.88 to 0.31 QALY. The expected incremental cost per QALY is estimated at US $15 286. There is a probability less than 1% that tadalafil is more cost-effective than sildenafil at a threshold of US $5180 per QALY. Form the value of information analysis, the theoretical upper bound on the value of further research was US $9.298 for Colombia.
Conclusion: Our economic evaluation shows that tadalafil is not cost-effective regarding sildenafil to treat pediatric patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension in Colombia. Our study provides evidence that should be used by decision-makers to improve clinical practice guidelines.
Keywords: Colombia; health economics; healthcare; public health; sildenafil.